Martial Art Styles

Korean

Hapkido

The Korean martial art of Hapkido, often referred to as the parent of most modern martial arts, is actually an “anti-martial art” and the first form of self-defense. In this way, Hapkido focuses on deflecting and blocking your opponent’s attacks using joint locks, throws, grappling, and kicks. As well as a parent for martial arts, many private security, police, and other security personnel also practice this martial art form as it is able to subdue an opponent with very little force. This self-defense martial art teaches students to use as little force as necessary to protect themselves and is a great way to begin any self-defense in-depth teaching.

Black Eagle Martial Arts, “What is Hapkido”, https://blackeaglemartialarts.us/what-is-hapkido/

Korean

Taekwondo

Taekwondo is a traditional form of Korean martial arts. With a 5,000 year history, this form of martial arts has been used by many generations as a fitness and fighting method. Aside from physical fighting techniques, Taekwondo teaches the enhancement of our spirits and lives through the training of our bodies, minds, and spirits through the poomsaes, or forms, that embody the true meanings of Taekwondo and the world around us.

Team USA, “What is Taekwondo?”, https://www.teamusa.org/usa-taekwondo/v2-getting-started-in-taekwondo/what-is-taekwondo

Chinese

Kung Fu

Kung Fu, a martial art originated in a Shaolin Temple of China, was first practiced in 600 A.D by monks who were pursuing good health and self-defense techniques. Kung Fu is a general term that encompasses a variety of forms of Chinese martial arts. Each Kung Fu style emphasizes both hard and soft elements, both moral and physical development, self-defense, and fitness. Kung Fu instills qualities of perseverance, discipline, and a calm disposition in its students.

Pittsburgh Kung Fu, “What is Kung Fu?”, http://www.pittsburghkungfu.com/kungfu.htm 

Chinese

Wushu

Wushu, or the Chinese form of Kung Fu, embodies a variety of styles and expressions, each with different techniques, foundations, principles, methods, and weaponry. Over the past 5,000 years, Wushu has developed into an intricate martial art form that combines traditional fighting techniques with agility, explosive power, and martial intent. Along with self-defense, Wushu teaches its students the art of cultivating peace in the body, mind, and spirit, which are all applied to daily life situations. 

International Wushu Federation, “Sport Wushu”, http://www.iwuf.org/sport-wushu/

Japanese

Karate

Karate, which translates to “empty hands”, was developed on the Japanese Okinawan Islands as a means of self-defense. Karate has grown to embody many different styles all of which focus on the development of defensive and counter-attacking movements. Karate is also described as a complete way of life that targets the overall improvement of an individual through the moral and mental benefits of practicing the sport. Karate’s students are taught the value of discipline and persistence, both of which can be applied to daily life situations.

Athletic Scholarships, “History of Karate,” https://www.athleticscholarships.net/history-of-karate.htm 

Tulane Karate Club, “What Is Karate”, https://www.tulane.edu/~karate/karate.htm

Japanese

Judo

Judo is an intense combat sport that involves individuals using power and technique in an effort to pin each other on the ground. Even in its most basic form, Judo requires an incredible amount of physical and mental training, effort, time, and detail. Judo, however, is not a sport that involves striking at joints, punching or kicking, and weaponry; actually, “Judo” literally means “the way of gentleness”. Judo is a means of developing control and important values like discipline, perseverance, respect, and confidence.

International Judo Federation, “What is Judo”, http://www.worldjudoday.com/en/WhatisJudo-57.html 

European

Wrestling

Wrestling, also known as man’s oldest sport, dates back to 15,000 years as indicated by carvings in the caves of Europe. This sport requires agility, speed, strength, power, tenacity, and resilience. Throughout history, wrestling has been a popular form of recreational combat that uses multiple holds and maneuvers as attack strategies. 

Bob Dellinger, “The Oldest Sport,” National Wrestling Hall of Fame, https://nwhof.org/stillwater/resources-library/history/the-oldest-sport/